52 imagesNamibia is a place of landscapes of dramatic beauty and great intensity, mainly in the Southern and less visited region stretching from Windhoek to the border with South Africa. In the west lies the Namib desert, in the east the Kalahari. The Fish River Canyon is the largest canyon of Africa and the second largest in the world. For more than 160 km the river runs through horizontal dolomite strata that formed part of the canyon about 650 million years. The Southern deserts are also the place where in 1908, at the time of German Kaiser’s Empire, began the history of Namibian diamonds, one of the country’s major natural resources. In few days lots of German miners settled in this area starting to exploit the diamond fields and driven by the enormous wealth the residents transformed the mining town of Kolmanskop in a German town in the middle of the desert. The town declined After World War I, when the diamond-field slowly exhausted, and after 1954 was only a fascinatine ghost-town where the desert sand is slowly overruning the houses. Not far is Lüderitz, a old German trading post known for its German colonial architecture, including Art Nouveau buildings. North of Windhoek, Namibia’s capital, the Damaraland is one of the most scenic areas, a ruggedly beautiful region with open plains, massive granite koppies and deep gorges that incredibly are able to sustain a small, but wide-ranging, populations of desert-adapted elephant. Also in the Northern Namibia the Etosha National Park, one of the most accessible game reserves in Southern Africa.is unique in Africa with is abundant wildlife that congregates around the waterholes, giving you almost guaranteed game sightings.
18 imagesNamibia, Fish River Canyon The Fish River Canyon, in Southern Namibia, is the largest canyon of Africa and the second largest in the world, about 160 km long. The Fish River, Namibia's longest river, from its source in the Naukluft Mountains flows intermittently deep into a desert plateau. For more than 160 km the river, washed into the ground up to 550 meters deep and up to 27 km wide. The river runs through horizontal dolomite strata that formed part of the canyon about 650 million years ago and the formation of the Fish River Canyon started when plate movement cracked the earth. Lower is a granite system that form the river's bed. Today nearly all of the Canyon is preserved by Nature Reserves.
51 imagesNamibia, sand, ghost-towns and diamonds. Diamond are one of Namibia's major natural resources and contribute approximately 10% of GDP. The diamond industry of today is different to that of 20 years ago, and in the last years the diamond industry and Namibian Government have partnered to create local cutting and polishing industries. The history of Namibian diamonds began in 1908, when the black worker Zacharias Lewala found a diamond while working to the railroad not far from the port town of Lüderitz. In few days lots of German miners settled in this area and soon after the German government declared a large area as a "Sperrgebiet", starting to exploit the diamond field. Driven by the enormous wealth the residents of the minino town Kolmanskop like a German town, including a hospital with the first x-ray-station of the southern hemisphere. The town declined after World War I, when the diamond-field slowly exhausted, and from 1954 is a fascinatine ghost-town where the desert sand is slowly overruning the houses. Not far is Lüderitz, a harbour town founded in 1883 on one of the least hospitable coasts of Africa, in Southwestern Namibia. Lüderitz began as German trading post until 1909, when the discovery of diamonds nearby, enjoyed a sudden surge of prosperity. Today diamonds are mostly found far from Lüderitz that has lost a lot economical importance. The town is known for its German colonial architecture, including Art Nouveau buildings.